Dry Eyes and Aging
The natural changes in aging can significantly weaken our eyes with dry eyes in elderly being the most common problem. As the mucous membranes of eldery produce fewer secretion their eyes become more sensitive to wind and light.
If dry eye left untreated, the cornea can develop ulcers and other severe eye problems. Simple changes in diets, environments and medications can help soothe the pain and discomfort.
Patients with dry eye experience blurred vision, foreign body sensation, pain, injection, epiphora, and, in severe cases, loss of vision. While high-contrast visual acuity may not be affected or may be only minimally reduced, individuals with dry eye can suffer from discomfort and/or functional vision changes that can be debilitating.
Aqueous Tear Deficiency Changes with Aging
The major cause of dry eye
Decreased tear production as a consequence of lacrimal gland dysfunction, altered reflex secretion, diminished corneal sensation, or inflammatory destruction of lacrimal glands lead to tear deficiency. Elderly are particularly susceptible to inadequate tear production because they have a higher prevalence of autoimmune diseases, decreased corneal sensitivity, and medicamentosa, which contribute to the etiologic mechanisms and can, in severe cases, have vision threatening consequences… read more on following article;
Preventing Dry Eyes for Elderly
- Drink Water
- Humidifiers – Running a humidifier to increase the amount of moisture in the air
- Natural Supplements – include flaxseed oil and Omega-3.
Fatty acids are proven to do this. Eat more cold-water fish like salmon, herring, cod, and sardines. Avoid foods and drinks that contain caffeine.
Treatment for Aging Dry Eyes
- Lubricating eye drops
- Warm Moist Compresses
- OTC Lubrication: Also known as artificial tears.
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