Urinary incontinence (UI) is loss of bladder control which can range from mild leaking to uncontrollable wetting. It can happen to both sex but it becomes more common with age. Female experiences UI twice as often as male.
Most bladder control problems are due to muscles being too weak or too active. If the muscles keeping your bladder closed are weak, you may have accidents when you sneeze, laugh or lift a heavy object. This is stress incontinence. If bladder muscles become too active, you may feel a strong urge going to toilet when you have little urine in bladder. This is urge incontinence or overactive bladder. There are other causes of incontinence, such as prostate problems and nerve damage.
Other causes include;
Urinary tract infection, constipation, delirium, dementia, diabetes, heart disease, medication side effects, and difficulty getting to the toilet in time. Urinary incontinence can lead to problems such as falls, depression, and isolation.